Back pain is the most widespread condition. About 540 million people all over the world have experienced this pain at least once in their lifetime. There are various reasons for back pain but they can be difficult to determine. In most cases, back pain is only a “temporary health problem”, but very frequently associated with severe pain nonetheless.
It is often “home-made” and can be ascribed to wrong or sudden movements, one-sided strain or a lack of exercise. In some cases, however, it may be caused by serious illnesses. Other factors such as stress or excess weight must not be ignored in this context either. Therefore get active today and support your back as much as you can – a strong back is less prone to problems.
The spine is the central axis of the human body, and it connects all parts of the skeleton. It supports the body and is responsible for its movement at the same time. The spine allows humans a straight posture and upright gait.
Despite its complex structure including very small parts, the spine is strong enough to bear the load of the head, torso and arms at the same time.
Even the smallest changes in the spine, in the form of misalignments, wear or injuries, can cause severe pain which must be taken seriously. Clarification from a specialist is necessary in order to counteract a worsening or chronification of the condition.
The spine consists of 24 moveable vertebrae, two fused vertebrae (the sacral bone and tailbone (coccyx)) as well as the intervertebral discs. It is stabilised by various ligaments, ligamentous systems and muscles that surround the bony spinal structure.
The intervertebral discs consist of elastic fibres and a soft, gelatinous nucleus pulposus. They are located between each moveable vertebrae and act as elastic links between the vertebral bodies, allowing the mobility of the spine.
The characteristic shape of the spine, the double S shape, helps to absorb impact and to evenly distribute applied forces across the entire body.
Do you know the trigger? If not, you are part of the majority of people who have “non-specific” back pain.
Back pain is “unspecific” or “non-specific” when there is no clear physical cause such as an illness. In most of these cases, the pain originates from the back muscles which are weakened or not developed sufficiently. Only in a very low percentage of cases, around 4 to 7 %, does a physical trigger exist. This pain is considered as “specific”. Causes can be disorders of the spine (e. g. herniated discs, deformation of the spine) or inflammatory processes in the spinal region.
With increasing age, specific back pain occurs more regularly, for example, based on spinal wear. Non-specific pain becomes less frequent but can often be more pronounced.
Low back pain / lumbago
The lumbar spine is affected very frequently by pain because the force applied to the spine and the load to be supported are largest here. This low back pain can range from mild to severe and occur for a few days or even permanently (chronic).
Low back pain can have various causes. The trigger is often a sudden movement, a twist or lifting and carrying heavy objects, but also tense muscles based on excessive stress, incorrect posture, congenital misalignments of the spine, herniated discs or shifting of the vertebral bodies.
A severe kind of low back pain is known as lumbago, where sudden severe and cramp-like pain occurs in the lumbar spine and the back muscles that may even trigger temporary immobility.
If the pain in the lumbar spine persists for several days, it can become chronic and cause permanent problems. In this case, it‘s called chronic low back pain.
Osteoarthritis of the spine is a chronic, degenerative disease of the intervertebral joints. A reduction in the joint cartilage due to wear and tear often leads to nerve irritation, which in turn often gives rise to pain.
With a herniated disc, the disc’s nucleus pulposus (the soft centre of the disc) breaches the annulus fibrosus (the tough exterior) and slips out of place. The gelatinous substance can press against the surrounding nerves and cause pain.
Osteoporosis is a disorder of the bone metabolism. Bone mass declines significantly and this results in changes to the bone structure. This is commonly referred to as “bone loss.” Bones become porous, lose their stability and can break more easily.
Walk or use a bicycle on short journeys. Take the stairs instead of the lift. Have a good stretch, e. g. before getting out of bed or after long periods of sitting down.
Position your legs hip-width apart and squat. Use the strength of your legs to straighten up. Keep the weight close to your body and avoid one-sided strain.
Avoid one-sided carrying. If possible, use a backpack or shopping trolley with wheels. When carrying bags, balance the weight between two bags, carrying one with each hand.
The upper body should be erect and straight, and the pelvis tilted slightly forwards. Change your sitting position from time to time – lean slightly forwards or back, then make a conscious effort to sit straight again.
Maintain a healthy diet:
Every additional pound also puts extra strain on your back. Include a lot of calcium in your diet, for example from milk, cheese, broccoli or kale.
Often, the reason for pain is that the back muscles are insufficiently developed. This problem is aggravated when the muscles are rested for too long. In order to counteract back pain, you should start with gentle physical activity as soon as the pain permits it.
You can strengthen your back and abdominal muscles with the following exercises. A mobile back and well-trained abdominal muscles with strong, stretched muscles, ligaments and fasciae are much less prone to back pain.
In case of acute complaints, consult your doctor to find out which type of exercise, if any, is suitable for you. It is important for the following exercises that you establish basic tension in your body by stabilising your stomach and back. Pull the stomach inwards, towards the lumbar spine, without holding your breath. Once you can feel that your stomach is getting firm, you are carrying out the exercise correctly. In order to maintain regularity, do the exercises 3 to 5 times per week.
6 to 8 repetitions
6 to 8 repetitions
6 to 8 repetitions
Lumbar orthoses support the back in the event of acute as well as chronic pain. With additional stabilisation and support in the lumbar region, pain reduction can be achieved.
In order to counteract recurring pain, they can also be worn when there is strain on the back.
The individual indication forms the basis for selecting the corresponding orthosis. Depending on the product, it can provide relief or correction of relief postures or incorrect postures. JuzoPro lumbar orthoses combine extraordinary wearing comfort and ease of use with optimum medical effectiveness. Thanks to four different versions from Light to Strong, the required support can be adapted depending on individual needs and on the diagnosis.
The JuzoPro Lumbal Light provides patients with gentle and lasting support. Wearing the stabilisation orthosis supports an upright posture and can prevent tension. Particularly if the back muscles in the lumbar area are developed more on one side than the other or if they are too weak, the orthosis can be worn during any everyday activities that put a strain on the back.
Thanks to the firm Xtra fabric of the JuzoPro Lumbal, the lumbar orthosis exerts gentle to moderate compression on the patient’s lumbar region. A removable sacral pad with firm friction nubs additionally massages the muscles and tissues and loosens hardened fasciae. The orthosis can be used for most lumbar problems and offers relieving and pain-alleviating effect.
The JuzoPro Lumbal Plus lumbar orthosis is mainly used in cases of severe, persistently recurring pain. At the beginning of treatment, in particular, this orthosis can offer strong stabilisation. The
additional tensioning strap and sacral pad can be removed later corresponding to the progress in treatment. This increases freedom of movement in the lumbar region and supports mobilisation.
The JuzoPro Lumbal Strong lumbar orthosis is perfect for severe pain based on incorrect posture, joint wear or chronic irritation. Thanks to the high-waist design and its double cross straps, compression is evenly exerted across the entire lumbar region. The very firm stabilisation rods can be removed and re-shaped to provide relief or correction, depending on the requirement.