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Back pain

... and how you can prevent them.

Some people suffer on a daily basis, while others only experience occasional pain. Back pain
Back pain can be acute or chronic and can affect different areas of the back. Approximately two thirds of all Germans will be affected by it at least once in their lifetime. There are various possible reasons for back complaints and they can often be difficult to determine:

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Excess weight
  • Unbalanced body posture
  • Wrong way of carrying or lifting
  • Osteoporosis
  • Herniated disc

The spine

Structure and function

The spine is the central axis of the human body and connects all parts of the skeleton. It serves as a cushioning column and supports the trunk. It is the spine which enables us to walk and stand upright.
The spine is stabilised by various ligaments, ligamentous systems and muscles. They act like a corset to support the spine and facilitate movement.

The intervertebral discs are located between the vertebral bodies. They consist of elastic fibres and a soft, gelatinous nucleus pulposus. The discs act like buffers between the vertebrae and absorb any hard impacts. They are able to change shape during movement and thereby provide mobility to the spine.


The spine consists of 24 individually mobile vertebrae as well as the sacral bone and tailbone (coccyx).

12 thoracic vertebrae together with the ribs form the ribcage that protects the heart and lungs. The mobility
of the thoracic vertebrae is limited and confined to the rotation of the chest.

The spine ends in the sacral bone and tailbone (coccyx);
these are largely ossified and therefore almost immovable.


7 cervical vertebrae carry the head and ensure a wide range of motion.

5 lumbar vertebrae carry most of the human body weight. Because of their evolutionary development, they are fairly large and strong, but still flexible. They allow for bending movements in different directions.

Due to the strong forces acting on the
lumbar spine, back pain often originates in this area.

The most common disorders and injuries

An overview of conditions

Patient doctor conversation

At the doctor’s, the diagnostic investigation starts with a conversation about the patient’s symptoms.

The disorders listed here are common complaints relating to the spine.

As back pain is often non-specific, you should consult your doctor immediately when experiencing this type of pain. The doctor will provide an accurate diagnosis and instigate appropriate treatment.

Low back pain / lumbago

Low back pain is characterised by discomfort in the lumbar
spine. Affected individuals suffer from sharp pain and
muscle tension, often resulting in the inability to move.
If the pain appears all of a sudden and unexpectedly,
this is an indication of lumbago.


Osteoarthritis of the spine is a chronic, degenerative disease of the intervertebral joints.
A reduction in the joint cartilage due to wear and tear often leads to nerve irritation, which in turn often gives rise to pain.

Herniated disc

With a herniated disc, the disc’s nucleus pulposus (the soft centre of the disc)
breaches the annulus fibrosus (the tough exterior) and slips out of place.
The gelatinous substance can press against the surrounding nerves and cause


Osteoporosis is a disorder of the bone metabolism.
Bone mass declines significantly and this results in changes to the bone structure. This is commonly referred to as “bone loss.”
Bones become porous, lose their stability and can break more easily.

Say goodbye to back pain

Tips for living without back pain

Get active:
walk or use the bike on short journeys. Climb
the stairs instead of taking the lift.
Have a good stretch, e.g. before getting out of bed or after
prolonged sitting.

Use the correct lifting technique:
before lifting, go down into a squat position with your legs apart and
use the strength of your legs to lift up. Try to hold the
weight close to your body and avoid one-sided

Sit correctly:
the upper body should be erect and straight and the pelvis
tilted slightly forward.
Change your sitting position from time to time – lean slightly forward
or back and then make a conscious effort to sit up straight again.

Use the correct carrying technique:
use a backpack or shopping trolley with wheels
if possible. When carrying bags, balance the weight between the
two bags, carrying one with each hand.

Maintain a healthy diet:
every extra pound also puts an additional strain on your back.
Favour calcium rich foods such as milk, cheese,
broccoli or green cabbage.

Man exercising with JuzoPro Lumbal

Sample exercises for a healthy back

Exercising and strengthening the back muscles is of vital importance.
In case of acute complaints, consult your doctor to find out if and what
type of exercises are suitable for you.

We have compiled some sample exercises for you.

For the following examples, you will have to build what is referred to as
“basic tension.” For this purpose, you will need to stabilise your stomach and back area.
Pull the tummy inwards, towards the lumbar spine,
without holding your breath. When you feel your stomach getting firm,
you are doing it correctly.

5 exercises for a strong back

Take a couple of minutes every day to do something beneficial for your health with our 5 additional back exercises.

Back strengthening exercise 1

Strengthening the back muscles

• Build up tension
• Bend your knees
• Keep the legs / pelvis stable
• Lift the breastbone towards the ceiling

6 to 8 repetitions

Back strengthening exercise 2

Strengthening the back muscles

• Rest on your side
• Build up tension
• Knees / hips / elbows all in one line
• Lift the pelvis and then lower it down again

6 to 8 repetitions

Back strengthening exercise 3

Strengthening the back muscles

• Build up tension
• Alternate arm raises
• Hold the lumbar spine entirely stable and avoid arching your back.

6 to 8 repetitions

JuzoPro back orthoses, your strong companion for everyday life

Back orthosis

JuzoPro Lumbal Light

As important as vitamins and a healthy breakfast: everything that
keeps your back fit and strengthens it for the day. Muesli, bread rolls or fruit?

You decide how you want to start your day. JuzoPro Lumbal Light is always
the right choice.

JuzoPro Lumbal

JuzoPro Lumbal provides optimal relief and support when the going gets tough on your back.
The orthosis comes in a straight or waist shape.

Use it during shopping and for other demanding activities.

JuzoPro Lumbal Plus

Thanks to its various elements, such as the flexible strap system and pad as well as the stretchable knit, JuzoPro Lumbal Plus is especially versatile.

The lumbar orthosis provides optimum relief for severe, persistent or recurring pain.

JuzoPro Lumbal Strong

Exercise is an ideal way to offset the stresses of work and daily life.

Our orthosis, the JuzoPro Lumbal Strong, has your back covered – so you can
keep moving and benefit from this mutual support during physical activities.