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Osteoarthritis of the knee 

In a healthy state, joint cartilage facilitates the movement of the joints and provides a cushioning effect. Osteoarthritis is a sign of wear and tear of these joint surfaces. Gonarthrosis, i.e. osteoarthritis of the knee joint, is one of the most common disorders of the knee. Consequences of this wear and tear and destruction of the joint cartilage are pain, stiffness and instability of the knee. Age-related wear and tear is not the only cause of cartilage damage. It can also result from the interaction of several causes. 

The wear and tear of the joint cartilage is degenerative. That means it cannot be healed. Therefore, the focus of treatment is to reduce the pain caused by the osteoarthritis of the knee and to keep the knee mobile to limit the progression of the osteoarthritis. In cases of advanced osteoarthritis, an artificial joint replacement may be required as a last resort. The earlier an onset of osteoarthritis is detected, the more effectively action can be taken. The aim, however, is to take preventative measures to avoid damage to the cartilage. 

Persistent knee pain should always be checked by a doctor, who will make an exact diagnosis and start treatment.

Causes can include

 

  • continuing inappropriate or excessive strain
  • knock knees or bandy legs
  • injuries to the knee such as a fracture that affects the joint
  • excess weight
  • rheumatoid arthritis (chronic inflammatory disease) in the joint

Symptoms

 

  • pain behind the kneecap after a long rest sitting down
  • cracking sounds in the knee during movement
  • increased pain when carrying heavy loads
  • excess weight
  • start-up pain: pain after extended periods of sitting or in the morning
  • pain when climbing stairs
Tip

In the event of osteoarthritis of the knee, exercise that is gentle on the joint, such as water aerobics or swimming, is particularly recommended and beneficial.


Exercises

For strong, healthy knees

We have put together a few exercises for you that help to strengthen your legs and therefore also your knees or support recovery after an injury. They are easy to do and you can incorporate them into your daily routine for best results. 
If you are suffering from an acute injury, please consult your doctor first. Your doctor will tell you which of the exercises are suitable for you.

Stretching
 

Repeat the stretch twice on each leg.

  • Stand on one leg. The knee of the supporting leg is slightly bent.
  • Using one hand, pull the foot of your other leg up behind you towards your bottom.
  • Hold on to your foot with both hands.
  • Hold this position for about 20 seconds, then change legs.

 

Please note: 
Your back must remain straight during this exercise.
 

Man is stretching

Man is doing lunges

Strengthening – lunge
 

Do 12 lunges and repeat this exercise three times.

  • Stand with your legs hip-distance apart, keeping your upper body straight.
  • Tense your abdominal muscles.
  • Take one long step forwards.
  • Your lower leg and thigh of the front leg must be at a right angle.
  • The back leg lowers and stops just before touching the ground.
  • Hold this position briefly, then return to the start point.
  • Change leg after each lunge.

 

Please note: 
Your back must remain straight during this exercise.
 


Strengthening exercise – squat
 

Do 12 squats and repeat this strengthening exercise three times.

  • Stand up straight with your legs a little wider than hip-distance apart.
  • Distribute your weight equally on both legs.
  • Slightly bend your legs and push your bottom back.
  • Squat only so far that your knees remain behind your toes.
  • Hold this position briefly, then straighten your body again.

 

Please note: 
Keep your back straight during this strengthening exercise and tense your abdominal muscles.

A man is doing squats

Relief for osteoarthritis of the knee with JuzoFlex Genu Xtra

JuzoFlex Genu Xtra Ghost Aufnahme

JuzoFlex Genu Xtra supports and relieves the knee joint. The compression effect of the knee support also alleviates pain during movement. This is important because gentle mobilisation is a particularly essential factor during the healing process. Movement stimulates circulation in the knee joint and therefore the supply of nutrients to joint cartilage, which is compromised in the case of osteoarthritis of the knee. This positive effect is additionally increased with a gentle massage effect by the friction nubs of the patella ring. The patella ring also ensures that the fluid which causes swelling is massaged, draining it from the tissue that surrounds the kneecap.